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  • An analytical framework for incorporating land use change and forestry in a dynamic CGE model

    Forestry poses a challenge to computable general equilibrium (CGE) modellers working with recursively dynamic models. This is because of the lag between its inputs and output, which do not correspond to the same time period as other sectors. Inputs are applied for a number of years before a forest is ready for harvest. As a result, attempts in the past to incorporate a well-specified...

  • Analyzing the Determinants of Farmers? Choice of Adaptation Methods and Perceptions of Climate Change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

    This study identifies the major methods used by farmers to adapt to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia, the factors that affect their choice of method, and the barriers to adaptation. The methods identified include use of different crop varieties, tree planting, soil conservation, early and late planting, and irrigation. Results from the discrete choice model employed indicate that...

  • Linkages between Land Management, Land Degradation, and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: the Case for Uganda

    Poverty reduction and sustainable land management are two objectives that most African countries strive to achieve simultaneously. In designing policies to achieve these objectives concurrently a clear understanding of their linkage is crucial. Yet there is only limited empirical evidence to demonstrate the linkage between poverty and land management in Africa. Using Uganda as a case study,...

  • Community forestry in Nepal: A Policy Innovation for Local Livelihoods

    The Community Forestry Program in Nepal is a global innovation in participatory environmental governance that encompasses well-defined policies, institutions, and practices. The program addresses the twin goals of forest conservation and poverty reduction. As more than 70 percent of Nepal?s population depends on agriculture for their livelihood, community management of forests has been a...

  • Agroenvironmental transformation in the Sahel

    A farmer-managed, agroenvironmental transformation has occurred over the past three decades in the West African Sahel, enabling both land rehabilitation and agricultural intensification to support a dense and growing population. This paper traces the technical and institutional innovations, their impacts, and lessons learned from two successful examples. The first is the story of the...

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